Sunday, January 6, 2008

Hardware 101- Different Types of Hammers


This is one of my favorite hammers, it's a 16 oz Curved Claw Forged Steel Head Hammer from Stanley Tools. Want one of your own? Go here. Stanley 51-941 16-Ounce AntiVibe Curved Claw Forged Steel Head and Handle Hammer
You won't be sorry.

Everyone knows what a hammer is, but not a lot of people think about the fact that there are different types of hammers for different types of jobs. I thought I'd blog about some of the basic types of hammers and provide you with some links should you want to get the same kind I use.
First Hammer Safety Tips:
Do not strike a hardened steel surface, concrete or stone with a steel claw hammer. Metal chips can result in injury to the user or any bystanders.
Never use a hammer with a loose, cracked or broken handle—replace the handle.
Never use a hammer with a chipped, cracked or mushroomed face.
Discard hammers with cracked claws or eye sections.
Do not use the hammer handle for striking, and never use it as a pry bar—this could cause the handle to split.
Always strike the surface squarely—avoid making glancing blows.
Always wear safety goggles when hammering any object.
Never strike a hammer with or against another hammer.
Always use a hammer of the right size and weight for the job.

Nail Hammer
Used for general carpentry, household chores and nail pulling.
Should be used only with non-hardened, common or finishing nails.
Curved claw offers leverage in removing nails and can also cradle a 2x4.
Choose 16 or 20 oz. weights for general carpentry; choose 7, 10 and 13 oz. weights for fine cabinetry or light-duty driving.
Available with smooth or waffled (serrated) faces. Milled face is for finishing jobs while waffled face provides more control when hammering large nails into lumber. Some claw hammers feature a side notch on the head for easier pulling of small nails and fasteners.

Framing Hammer
Also known as a Rip Hammer
Used mainly by professionals for ripping apart wooden components and demolition work.
Should be used only with non-hardened, common or finishing nails.
Choose weights from 20 to 32 oz. for framing and ripping.
Available with milled or waffled faces to grip the nail head and reduce the effect of glancing blows and flying nails.

The Ultimate Framing Hammers:
If you're a professional who uses a hammer all day every day, you need this hammer. Dead On Ti7 Titanium Hammer
From the investment cast hammer head to the titanium graphite composite handle, the Dead On Ti7 Titanium Hammer was created to shatter existing standards.
Patent-pending designs, features and processes are precisely integrated to produce the ultimate hammer that is a true product of science and a work of art. This is a hammer tht will withstand a lifetime of abuse and come back asking for more! One look at this baby and you'll know there's nothing like it on the job today. The Dead On engineers, working with manufacturing experts from a variety of industries, have incorporated features most requested by us professional builders. As a framing contactor I've received many rave reviews on the appearance and feel of the hammer. Swinging it is a pleasure, it is light and delivers a terrific blow to the nail.

Stiletto TB15MC TiBone 15-Ounce Titanium Milled-Face Hammer

Engineered for the user, this 15 ounce titanium milled face hammer is a precision nail-driving tool. Its solid titanium construction offers extreme durability and its ergonomic injection-molded grip offer great comfort and even greater control. This hammer features a lightweight 15-ounce head, yet its driving force equals 24-ounce steel. Removable steel nose piece allows the user to replace the face in a few minutes. Also features a convenient magnetic nail starter. I love this hammer!!! It is light and solid and strong. It has shown almost no wear except where the rubber meets the handle at the top is frayed some from heavy usage. I do a lot of framing and this thing you can nail all day with and not feel like your arm is going to fall of. It hits just as hard as those steel hammers too.

Finishing Hammer
Used for general carpentry, finishing and cabinet making.
Head size generally between 7 oz. and 16 oz.
Smooth striking face so errant strikes don’t leave marks on the wood.

ToolAid Pick & Finishing Hammer
Chisel & Finishing Hammer This drop-forged steel hammer is a must for straight finishing and grooving jobs. Work on narrow fender beads with wedge shaped chisel cross peen. Round head has flat surface 1-3/8" diameter. 5-1/2" overall length.






Tack Hammer
Used for furniture upholstery and to drive small nails and tacks.
Round face on one end is designed to pick up nails and tacks, while a narrow, square head on the other end is used to drive them.
Features a magnetic face opposite either a driving face or a claw.

Sledgehammer
Used for jobs where great force is required such as breaking up concrete or driving heavy spikes.
Feature long handles from 14” to 36” and heavy heads weighing from 2 lbs. to 20 lbs.
Double-face sledgehammers feature two identical faces.
Single-face sledgehammers have one flat face for striking and one wedge-shaped face for splitting wood.

Ball Peen (Ball Pein) Hammer
Used with cold chisels for riveting, center punching and forming unhardened metal work.
Striking face diameter should be about 3/8” larger than the diameter of the head of the object being struck.
Designed with a regular striking face on one end and a rounded or half ball on the other end instead of a claw.
Sizes range from 2 oz. to 48 oz. with 12 and 16 oz. the most popular.
Variations include a cross-peen hammer (with horizontal wedge-shaped face) and a straight-peen hammer (with vertical wedge-shaped face).

Hand Drilling Hammer
Has short handles and is used for pounding hardened nails into concrete or for using with tools that drive nails and pins into concrete or brick.
Only hammer to use with star drills, masonry nails, steel chisels and nail pullers.
Weighs between 2 lbs. and 4 lbs.
Larger striking surface, generous bevel and special heat-treating minimize chance of chipping the striking face

Soft-Face Hammer
Used for assembling furniture, setting dowels and wood projects that requires non-marring blows.
Available in weights ranging from 4 oz. to 22 oz.
Feature replaceable heads, typically one soft and one hard

Bricklayer's Hammer
Used for setting or splitting bricks, and chipping mortar from bricks.
Features a curved, chisel-like pick and a small, square striking surface.

Shingler's Hammer
Drives roofing nails, assures proper shingle spacing, trims composition and fiberglass shingles.
Typically includes slotted, retractable cutting blade

Drywall Hammer
Used to score, sheet and set nails for drywall work.
Features a scored head and a notched blade instead of a claw.
Notch in the blade is used to remove exposed nails.

Mallet
Has rubber, plastic, wooden or rawhide head.
Used to drive chisels or hammer joints together.
Sizes are specified in head weight or diameter with the exception of wooden mallets, which are specified by head diameter only.
Comes in variety of shapes and sizes for specific tasks.
Carpentry mallet features angled head to reduce fatigue; shop mallet with octagonal head is used for flat strikes; rawhide mallet is used in furniture assembly.


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