Wednesday, January 30, 2008

Starting my Bird List

I've been a bird watcher for years. I have several feeders. (Be careful if you feed birds near the woods- Bears love bird feeders!)
Anyhow, I've always dreamed of creating and keeping a list of birds I've seen, so I've started some research into what would go into such a list. I found a great list of many of the North American birds that are out there, here it is. One day I hope my bird list looks like this one!

Curassows and guans

Order: Galliformes Family: Cracidae

The chachalacas, guans and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae. These are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species world-wide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 1 North American species.

* Plain Chachalaca, Ortalis vetula

Partridges, grouse, turkeys, and Old World quail
Order: Galliformes Family: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae is a family of birds which consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump, with broad relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds, or have been domesticated as a food source for humans. There are 180 species world wide and 16 North American species.

* Chukar, Alectoris chukar (I)
* Himalayan Snowcock, Tetraogallus himalayensis (I)
* Gray Partridge, Perdix perdix (I)
* Ring-necked Pheasant, Phasianus colchicus (I)
* Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus
* Greater Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus
* Gunnison Sage-Grouse, Centrocercus minimus
* Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis
* Willow Ptarmigan, Lagopus lagopus
* Rock Ptarmigan, Lagopus mutus
* White-tailed Ptarmigan, Lagopus leucurus
* Dusky Grouse, Dendragapus obscurus
* Sooty Grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus
* Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus
* Greater Prairie-Chicken, Tympanuchus cupido
* Lesser Prairie-Chicken, Tympanuchus pallidicinctus
* Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo

New World quail

Order: Galliformes Family: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species, world-wide, all found only in the Americas and 6 North American species.

* Mountain Quail, Oreortyx pictus
* Scaled Quail, Callipepla squamata
* California Quail, Callipepla californica
* Gambel's Quail, Callipepla gambelii
* Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus
* Montezuma Quail, Cyrtonyx montezumae

Loons

Order: Gaviiformes Family: Gaviidae

Loons are aquatic birds size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated. Their plumage is largely grey or black, they have spear-shaped bills. Loons swim well, and fly adequately, but, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body, are almost hopeless on land. There are 5 species world-wide and 5 North American species.

* Red-throated Loon, Gavia stellata
* Arctic Loon, Gavia arctica
* Pacific Loon, Gavia pacifica
* Common Loon, Gavia immer
* Yellow-billed Loon, Gavia adamsii

Grebes
Order: Podicipediformes Family: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species world-wide and 7 North American species.

* Least Grebe, Tachybaptus dominicus
* Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps
* Horned Grebe, Podiceps auritus
* Red-necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena
* Eared Grebe, Podiceps nigricollis
* Western Grebe, Aechmorphorus occidentalis
* Clark's Grebe, Aechmorphorus clarkii


Albatrosses

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Diomedeidae

The albatrosses are amongst the largest of flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant birds. There are 21 species world wide and 8 North American species.

* Yellow-nosed Albatross, Thalassarche chlororhynchos (C)
* Shy Albatross, Thalassarche cauta (C)
* Black-browed Albatross, Thalassarche melanophris (A)
* Light-mantled Albatross, Phoebetria palpebrata (A)
* Wandering Albatross, Diomedea exulans (A)
* Laysan Albatross, Phoebastria immutabilis
* Black-footed Albatross, Phoebastria nigripes
* Short-tailed Albatross, Phoebastria albatrus

Shearwaters and petrels

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae

The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized 'true petrels', characterised by united nostrils with medium septum, and a long outer functional primary. There are 75 species world wide and 24 North American species.

* Northern Fulmar, Fulmarus glacialis
* Great-winged Petrel, Pterodroma macroptera (A)
* Herald Petrel, Pterodroma arminjoniana
* Murphy's Petrel, Pterodroma ultima
* Mottled Petrel, Pterodroma inexpectata
* Bermuda Petrel, Pterodroma cahow (C)
* Black-capped Petrel, Pterodroma hasitata
* "Dark-rumped" Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia/sandwichensis complex (A)
* Fea's/Zino's Petrel Pterodroma feae/madeira complex
* Cook's Petrel, Pterodroma cookii
* Stejneger's Petrel, Pterodroma longirostris (C)
* Bulwer's Petrel, Bulweria bulwerii (A)
* Parkinson's Petrel, Procellaria parkinsoni (A)
* Streaked Shearwater, Calonectris leucomelas (C)
* Cory's Shearwater, Calonectris diomedea
* Cape Verde Shearwater, Calonectris edwardsii (A)
* Pink-footed Shearwater, Puffinus creatopus
* Flesh-footed Shearwater, Puffinus carneipes
* Greater Shearwater, Puffinus gravis
* Wedge-tailed Shearwater, Puffinus pacificus (C)
* Buller's Shearwater, Puffinus bulleri
* Sooty Shearwater, Puffinus griseus
* Short-tailed Shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris
* Manx Shearwater, Puffinus puffinus
* Black-vented Shearwater, Puffinus opisthomelas
* Audubon's Shearwater, Puffinus lherminieri
* Little Shearwater, Puffinus assimilis (A)

Storm-petrels

Order: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are the smallest of seabirds, relatives of the petrels, feeding on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species world wide and 12 North American species.

* Wilson’s Storm-Petrel, Oceanites oceanicus
* White-faced Storm-Petrel, Pelagodroma marina (C)
* Black-bellied Storm-Petrel, Fregetta tropica(A)
* European Storm-Petrel, Hydrobates pelagicus (A)
* Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma furcata
* Ringed Storm-petrel, Oceanodroma hornbyi (A)
* Leach’s Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma leucorhoa
* Ashy Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma homochroa
* Band-rumped Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma castro
* Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma tethys (A)
* Black Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma melania
* Least Storm-Petrel, Oceanodroma microsoma

Tropicbirds

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their long wings have black markings, as does the head. There are 3 species world wide and 3 North American species.

* White-tailed Tropicbird, Phaethon lepturus
* Red-billed Tropicbird, Phaethon aethereus
* Red-tailed Tropicbird, Phaethon rubricauda (C)

Boobies and gannets

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium-large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 8 species world wide and 5 North American species.
Blue-footed Booby.
Blue-footed Booby.

* Masked Booby, Sula dactylatra
* Blue-footed Booby, Sula nebouxii (C)
* Brown Booby, Sula leucogaster
* Red-footed Booby, Sula sula (C)
* Northern Gannet, Morus bassanus


Pelicans
Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes. There are 8 species world wide and 2 North American species.

* American White Pelican, Pelecanus erythrorhynchos
* Brown Pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis


Cormorants
Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Phalacrocoracidae

Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of coloured skin on the face. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed, a distinguishing feature among the Pelecaniformes order

* Brandt's Cormorant, Phalacrocorax penicillatus
* Neotropic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax brasilianus
* Double-crested Cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus
* Great Cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo
* Red-faced Cormorant, Phalacrocorax urile
* Pelagic Cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Darters

Darters are cormorant-like water birds with very long necks and long, straight beaks. They often swim with only the neck above water, and are fish-eaters.

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Anhingidae

* Anhinga, Anhinga anhinga

Frigatebirds

Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black or black and white, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are five species world-wide and three North American species.

* Magnificent Frigatebird, Fregata magnificens
* Great Frigatebird, Fregata minor (C)
* Lesser Frigatebird, Fregata ariel (A)

Bitterns, herons, and egrets

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the herons, egrets, and bitterns. Herons and Egrets are medium to large sized wadng birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more secrative. Unlike other long necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species world wide and 17 North American species.

* American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus
* Yellow Bittern, Ixobrychus sinensis (A)
* Least Bittern, Ixobrychus exilis
* Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias
* Gray Heron, Ardea cinerea (A)
* Great Egret, Ardea alba
* Intermediate Egret, Mesophoyx intermedia (A)
* Chinese Egret, Egretta eulophotes (A)
* Little Egret, Egretta garzetta (C)
* Western Reef-Heron, Egretta gularis (A)
* Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
* Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea
* Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor
* Reddish Egret, Egretta rufescens
* Cattle Egret, Bubulcus ibis
* Chinese Pond-Heron, Ardeola bacchus (A)
* Green Heron, Butorides virescens
* Black-crowned Night-Heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
* Yellow-crowned Night-Heron, Nyctanassa violacea

Ibises and spoonbills

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Threskiornithidae

* American White Ibis, Eudocimus albus
* Scarlet Ibis, Eudocimus ruber (A)
* Glossy Ibis, Plegadis falcinellus
* White-faced Ibis, Plegadis chihi
* Roseate Spoonbill, Ajaia ajaja

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, heavy, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills and wide wingspans. They lack the powder down that other wading birds such as herons, spoonbills and ibises use to clean off fish slime. Storks lack a pharynx and are mute. There are 19 species world wide and 2 North American species.

* Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria (A)
* Wood Stork, Mycteria americana

New World vultures

Order: Ciconiiformes Family: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carcasses. There are 7 species world wide, all found only in the Americas and 3 North American species.

* Black Vulture, Coragyps atratus
* Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
* California Condor, Gymnogyps californianus (Ex)


Flamingos

Order: Phoenicopteriformes Family: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos (genus Phoenicopterus monotypic in family Phoenicopteridae) are gregarious wading birds, usually 3–5 feet in height, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species world wide and 1 North American species.

* Greater Flamingo, Phoenicopterus ruber


Eagles, kites, and allies

Order: Falconiformes Family: Accipitridae

The family Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species world wide and 28 North American species.

* Osprey, Pandion haliaetus
* Hook-billed Kite, Chondrohierax uncinatus
* Swallow-tailed Kite, Elanoides forficatus
* White-tailed Kite, Elanus leucurus
* Snail Kite, Rostrhamus sociabilis
* Mississippi Kite, Ictinia mississippiensis
* Bald Eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
* White-tailed Eagle, Haliaeetus albicilla (C)
* Steller's Sea-Eagle, Haliaeetus pelagicus (C)
* Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus
* Sharp-shinned Hawk, Accipiter striatus
* Cooper's Hawk, Accipiter cooperii
* Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
* Crane Hawk, Geranospiza caerulescens (A)
* Common Black-Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus
* Harris's Hawk, Parabuteo unicinctus
* Gray Hawk, Buteo nitidus
* Roadside Hawk, Buteo magnirostris (A)
* Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
* Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus
* Short-tailed Hawk, Buteo brachyurus
* Swainson's Hawk, Buteo swainsoni
* White-tailed Hawk, Buteo albicaudatus
* Zone-tailed Hawk, Buteo albonotatus
* Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
* Ferruginous Hawk, Buteo regalis
* Rough-legged Hawk, Buteo lagopus
* Golden Eagle, Aquila chrysaetos


Caracaras and falcons
Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species world wide and 11 North American species.

* Collared Forest-Falcon, Micrastur semitorquatus (A)
* Crested Caracara, Caracara cheriway
* Eurasian Kestrel, Falco tinnunculus (C)
* American Kestrel, Falco sparverius
* Merlin, Falco columbarius
* Eurasian Hobby, Falco subbuteo (C)
* Red-footed Falcon, Falco vespertinus (A)
* Aplomado Falcon, Falco femoralis (C)
* Gyrfalcon, Falco rusticolus
* Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus
* Prairie Falcon, Falco mexicanus


Rails, gallinules, and coots
Order: Gruiformes Family: Rallidae
King Rail
King Rail

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species world wide and 13 North American species.

* Yellow Rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis
* Black Rail, Laterallus jamaicensis
* Corn Crake, Crex crex (A)
* Clapper Rail, Rallus longirostris
* King Rail, Rallus elegans
* Virginia Rail, Rallus limicola
* Sora, Porzana carolina
* Paint-billed Crake, Neocrex erythrops (A)
* Spotted Rail, Pardirallus maculatus (A)
* Purple Gallinule, Porphyrio martinica
* Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus
* Eurasian Coot, Fulica atra (A)
* American Coot, Fulica americana


Limpkins
The Limpkin is an odd bird that looks like a large rail, but is skeletally closer to the cranes. It is found in marshes with some trees or scrub in the Caribbean, South America and southern Florida. There is 1 species world wide, 1 North American species.

Order: Gruiformes Family: Aramidae

* Limpkin, Aramus guarauna

Cranes
Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide, 3 North American species.

Order: Gruiformes Family: Gruidae

* Sandhill Crane, Grus canadensis
* Common Crane, Grus grus (C)
* Whooping Crane, Grus americana


Thick-knees
Order: Charadriiformes Family: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats.

* Double-striped Thick-knee, Burhinus bistriatus (A)


Lapwings and plovers

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species world wide and 17 North American species.

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Charadriidae

* Northern Lapwing, Vanellus vanellus (C)
* Black-bellied Plover, Pluvialis squatarola
* European Golden-Plover, Pluvialis apricaria (C)
* American Golden-Plover, Pluvialis dominica
* Pacific Golden-Plover, Pluvialis fulva
* Lesser Sand-Plover, Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand-Plover, Charadrius leschenaultii (A)
* Collared Plover, Charadrius collaris (A)
* Snowy Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus
* Wilson's Plover, Charadrius wilsonia
* Common Ringed Plover, Charadrius hiaticula
* Semipalmated Plover, Charadrius semipalmatus
* Piping Plover, Charadrius melodus
* Little Ringed Plover, Charadrius dubius (A)
* Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus
* Mountain Plover, Charadrius montanus
* Eurasian Dotterel, Charadrius morinellus (C)


Oystercatchers
Order: Charadriiformes Family: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large, obvious and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species world-wide and 2 North American species.

* Eurasian Oystercatcher, Haematopus ostralegus (A)
* American Oystercatcher, Haematopus palliatus
* American Black Oystercatcher, Haematopus bachmani


Stilts and avocets

Order: Charadriiformes Family: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species world wide and 3 North American species.

* Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus (A)
* Black-necked Stilt, Himantopus mexicanus
* American Avocet, Recurvirostra americana


Jacanas
Order: Charadriiformes Family: Jacanidae

The Jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species world wide and 1 North American species.

* Northern Jacana, Jacana spinosa (C)

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