Friday, February 15, 2008

February 15 in History

590 - Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia
1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
1764 - The city of St. Louis, Missouri is established.
1805 - Harmony Society is officially formed.
1852 - Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits its first patient.
1862 - American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant attacks Fort Donelson, Tennessee.
1879 - Women's rights: American President Rutherford B. Hayes signs a bill allowing female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court of the United States.
1891 - AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
1898 - Spanish-American War: The USS Maine explodes and sinks in Havana harbor in Cuba, killing more than 260. This event leads the United States to declare war on Spain.
1906 - The British Labour Party is organised.
1933 - In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead shoots Chicago, Illinois Mayor Anton J. Cermak, who dies of his wounds on March 6, 1933.
1942 - World War II: The Fall of Singapore. Following an assault by Japanese forces, the British General Arthur Percival surrenders. About 80,000 Indian, United Kingdom and Australian soldiers become prisoners of war, the largest surrender of British-led military personnel in history. The Sook Ching massacre begins.
1944 - World War II: The assault on Monte Cassino, Italy, begins.
1946 - ENIAC (for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania.
1950 - The Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China sign a mutual defense treaty.
1952 - King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.
1953 - Seventeen-year-old Tenley Albright becomes the first American to win the world figure skating championship.
1961 - Sabena Flight 548 crashes in Belgium, killing 73, with the entire US Figure Skating team, several coaches and family.
1965 - A new red-and-white maple leaf design is adopted as the flag of Canada, replacing the old Canadian Red Ensign banner.
1970 - A Dominican DC-9 crashes into the sea during takeoff from Santo Domingo, killing 102.
1971 - Decimalisation of British coinage is completed on Decimal Day.
1976 - The 1976 Constitution of Cuba is adopted by the national referendum.
1980 - Television One and Television Two (formerly South Pacific Television) under the newly formed Television New Zealand goes to air for the first time.
1981 - Daytona 500: Richard Petty win his 7th and final Daytona 500.
1982 - The drilling rig Ocean Ranger sinks during a storm off the coast of Newfoundland, killing 84 rig workers.
1989 - Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
1991 - The Visegrád Agreement, establishing cooperation to move toward free-market systems, is signed by the leaders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland.
1995 - Hacking: Kevin Mitnick is arrested by the FBI and charged with breaking into some of the United States' most "secure" computer systems.
1996 - Mortar attack on the US Embassy in Athens, Greece.
1996 - At the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China, a Long March 3 rocket, carrying an Intelsat 708, crashes into a rural village after liftoff, killing many people.

The Long March rocket carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite begins to deviate from its course immediately after launch in these images from the report of the Cox Commission, which investigated the disaster for the U.S. Congress.
The Long March rocket carrying the Intelsat 708 satellite begins to deviate from its course immediately after launch in these images from the report of the Cox Commission, which investigated the disaster for the U.S. Congress.

1998 - Daytona 500: After twenty attempts, Dale Earnhardt, Sr wins his only Daytona 500.
1999 - Abdullah Öcalan, leader of the PKK (Kurdistan Workers Party), was arrested in Kenya.
2000 - Indian Point II nuclear power plant in New York State vents a small amount of radioactive steam when a steam generator fails.
2002 - At the Tri-State Crematory in La Fayette, Georgia, investigators find uncremated bodies disposed of in the woods and buildings on the crematorium's property. The discovery reveals one of the worst incidents of abuse in the funeral service industry.
2003 - Protests against the Iraq war occur in over 600 cities worldwide. It is estimated that between 8 million to 30 million people took part, making this the largest peace demonstration in the history of the world.
2004 - Daytona 500: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. wins the Daytona 500, six years to the day after his deceased father had done so.
2005 - YouTube, the popular Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States.

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